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Exotic and other plants in the Leiden botanical garden, with 107 full-page engravings

HERMANN, Paul.
Horti Academici Lugduno-Batavi catalogus exhibens plantarum omnium nomina, quibus ab anno MDCLXXXI ad annum MDCLXXXVI hortus fuit instructus ut & plurimarum in eodem cultarum & à nemine hucusque editarum descriptiones & icones ...
Leiden, Cornelius Boutesteyn, 1687. 8vo. With engraved frontispiece and 106 full-page engravings on integral leaves (at least 1 by Jacob Harrewijn). Contemporary gold-tooled calf.
€ 2,250
First edition of a botanical catalogue of about 3300 plants in the botanical garden of Leiden University (106 illustrated), compiled and apparently drawn by Paul Hermann (1640-1695). Hermann had only recently introduced many to Europe from the East Indies, Ceylon, the Cape and America. Most entries give the Latin name of the plant with references to the literature; some give more detailed descriptions. Hermann, born in Halle an der Saale, sailed with the VOC (Dutch East India Company) to Ceylon in 1672 and collected many plants there. As a professor of botany and medicine at Leiden University, he directed the University botanical garden from 1679 to his death in 1695. He made it the richest garden in Europe during the Dutch golden age, always looking over his shoulder at his leading competitor, Jan Commelin at the Amsterdam botanical garden. "He did excellent, vigorous work in depicting his plants" (Hunt). His premature death prevented publication of a planned second part.
With bookplate and initial stamp. With a stain in the gutter of some quires, slightly affecting the lower inside corner of the last few engravings, slightly foxed throughout and a few quires slightly browned, but generally in good condition. The binding is worn, with a crack in the back hinge and the leather flaked. An extensive and well-illustrated catalogue of plants in the Leiden botanical garden.
Hunt 378; Nissen, ZBI, 859; South African bibl., p. 345; Stafleu & Cowan 2684.
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Related Subjects:

Europe  >  Natural History
Low countries  >  Medicine & Pharmacy | Natural History & Science
Natural history  >  Herbals & Medical Plants | Horticulture & Forestry