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First official Antwerp pharmacopoeia

Pharmacia Antverpiensis galeno-chymica.
Antwerp, Joris Willemsens I, 1660 [engraved title-page 1661]. 4to. With an integral engraved title-page by Petrus van Caukercken after Abraham van Diepenbeeck, showing the figures of Galenus and Mesue. 18th-century vellum. [1], [1 blank], [46], “285” [= 281], [32], [1 blank] pp.
€ 2,750
Rare first and only edition, in Latin, of the first and only official pharmacopoeia for Antwerp. In 1659 the Antwerp Collegium Medicum decided to produce their own pharmacopoeia, primarily at the impetus of their secretary and future director, Michiel Boudewijns (1591-1681), best known as the father of modern medical ethics. The decision to compile it makes explicit reference to those published at Augsburg (1564), Rome (1583), Amsterdam (1636) and Brussels (1641), but Valerius Cordus, whose pharmacopoeia had been official in Brussels since 1624, may have remained the most important source. No apothecaries were officially consulted in the compilation of the pharmacopoeia, reflecting the growing status of physicians and declining status of apothecaries.
The work has extensive preliminaries with dedications, notes to the reader, laudatory verses, etc., but some copies include an unsigned bifolium inserted after a2 containing an additional dedication, not present here. The present copy does have the rarer addendum leaf at the end and an addendum slip on Q3r supplying the omitted last line of that page (with the quire signature and catchword below it). The addendum leaf has three blind impressions of the type for this addendum slip in its head margin.
With minimal wear at the edges. With a brown spot in the outer margin of the first two gatherings; a very good copy. Anet (6 copies); Daems & Vandewiele, pp. 62-63 (5 copies); STCV 12879911 (5 copies incl. 1 defective); not in Krivatsy; Wellcome.
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Low countries  >  Antwerp | Medicine & Pharmacy
Medicine & pharmacy  >  Medicine & Pharmacy pre 1700 | Pharmacology / Pharmacopoeia